Other effects:

Performing badly at school / work

Research has shown that victims of bullying are more likely to have low achievements compared to those who are not bullied [1, 2].


It has also been been shown to affect performance in a working environment [3, 4].


References on this page:

[1] Glew, G. M., Fan, M.-Y., Katon, W., Rivara, F. P., & Kernic, M. A. (2005). Bullying, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Academic Performance in Elementary School. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 159 (11), 1026-1031.

[2] Juvonen, J., Wang, Y., & Espinoza, G. (2010). Bullying Experiences and Compromised Academic Performance Across Middle School Grades. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 31 (1), 152-173.

[3] Hoel, H., & Cooper, C. (2000). Destructive conflict and bullying at work. Manchester: University of Manchester Institute Science and Technology.

[4] Salin, D. (2003). Ways of Explaining Workplace Bullying: A Review of Enabling, Motivating, and Precipitating Structures and Processes in the Work Environment. Human relations, 1213-1232.


Page last updated: 8 July, 2013